Peels

Peels are cosmetic treatments that can be applied to the face, hands, and neck. They’re used to improve the appearance or feel of the skin. During this procedure, chemical solutions will be applied to the area being treated, which causes the skin to exfoliate. Once this happens, the new skin underneath is often smoother, appears less wrinkled, and may have less damage.

There are seven types of AHAs commonly used in products available throughout the skincare industry. The most promising are Glycolic and Lactic acid

Glycolic Acid is the most active and beneficial of the Alpha-Hydroxy-Acids (AHA) in skin care and is made from sugar canes. It is the only AHA which is able to penetrate through the cell walls by virtue of its small molecular size. Once inside the cell, it will trigger new formation of collagen and turn on the synthesis of dermal glycosaminoglycans to plump up the cell and the ground substances in the skin to reduce wrinkles on the skins surface. Glycolic Acid also affects the newly forming keratin cells at the bottom of the stratum corneum causing the bulk of the stratum corneum to lift off and separate from the underlying skin. This gives the skin a much smoother look and feel.

The Lactic acid is a natural humectant which occurs naturally in the skin, and because of this it is able to pull moisture from the air and hold it in the skin. The Lactic acid is less irritating and more moisturizing than the Glycolic, and the Lactic can be used at a slightly higher concentration than the Glycolic, because it is not as irritating.

Beta-hydroxy acid (BHA) peels – salicylic acid is main ingredient found in these peels. These peels are generally used in oilier skins or acne prone skins as they are oil soluble and penetrate deeper in this type of skin environment. Beta-hydroxy acids are generally larger molecules than alpha-hydroxy acids and therefore may not penetrate as deeply in a normal (non-oily) skin environment.  For active acne, there may be some post ­peel purging. As the acid exfoliates away the surface of your skin, it brings clogs you have underneath closer to the top, which may erupt as more active pimples. Salicylic acid works by penetrating the follicles removing trapped oils, dead cells and reducing inflammation within the skin.

Other active ingredients that are included with our high medical grade peels;

TCA – peel is a non-invasive skin treatment used to treat skin discolorations, scarring, and wrinkles. These peels get their name from trichloroacetic acid (TCA), which is used to clear away dead skin cells to reveal the newer and smoother skin layers below. TCA peels are part of the group of skin treatments called chemical peels, which are used to exfoliate your skin by using different strengths and combinations of nontoxic acid ingredients.

Resorcinol – topical pharmaceutical products in the treatment of skin disorders and infections such as acne, seborrheic dermatitis, eczema, psoriasis, corns, calluses, and warts. 

Citric – exfoliates the top layers of skin and sloughs off dead skin cells. Additionally, the speed of new cell turnover increases, which promotes new skin growth that can help alleviate the appearance of age spots, acne scars, small wrinkles and areas of uneven tone and texture.

Phytic acid – is a naturally occurring Alpha-Hydroxy Acid whose range of application extends from skin moisturizing, wrinkle reduction to deep chemical peeling of the skin1. They act by inducing exfoliation in our skin and accelerating the natural skin cell rejuvenation cycle

Kojic acid – works by blocking tyrosine from forming, which then prevents melanin production. Decreased melanin production may have a lightening effect on the skin.

Retinol – it boosts the amount of collagen your body makes and plumps out skin, cutting down fine lines and wrinkles. It also improves skin tone and colour and reduces mottled patches.

Arbutin – is an organic compound derived from berries that inhibits that pathway that produces pigmentation-(also known as) darkening in the skin. It is used in skin lightening creams as a mild agent

Azelaic acid is a naturally occurring acid found in grains such as barley, wheat, and rye. It has antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties, which make it effective in the treatment of skin conditions like acne and rosacea. The acid can prevent future outbreaks and clean bacteria from your pores that causes acne.

Allantoin is a chemical ingredient that is often used to treat dry, rough, and itchy skin. It acts as an emollient that keeps your skin moisturized and prevents dryness and irritation. Allantoin also occurs naturally.

Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a substance found naturally in our skin that holds water and helps keep it hydrated and plump. The molecule holds a thousand times its weight in water to not only retain all that moisture in our skin, but also prevent all that moisture from evaporating into the air. The amount of naturally-occurring hyaluronic acid in our bodies decreases as we get older. There are, however, ways to help stimulate production of HA in our bodies. Hyaluronic acid plays well with most other ingredients and can be paired with peels, retinols, vitamins, and other acids.

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Peels 1

The following are some common reasons why you may want to consider a chemical peel:

  • sun-damaged skin
  • significant facial wrinkling
  • skin colour is uneven with blotchiness, sunspots and brown spots
  • scars that have made the surface of your skin uneven
  • reduction of large pores
  • certain precancerous skin growths
  • improve dry and dehydrated skin
  • provide more radiant and youthful looking skin

Other characteristics of the skin, such as its thickness and texture, may influence whether you are a good candidate for chemical peels. If you are in good general health, have a positive attitude and realistic expectations, you are most likely a good candidate for this procedure.

Pros:

  • No anesthesia or sedation is needed.
  • Light and medium chemical peels have minimal aftercare and recovery.
  • Deep chemical peels have long-lasting effects on treating deep wrinkles.

Cons:

  • After peel, there will be sun sensitivity and pores may appear larger.
  • Deep chemical peels may have a bleaching effect.
  • Can exacerbate skin disorders, including allergic reactions or cold sores.

These are the top three pros and cons to weigh when considering chemical peels. If you wish to focus on what is unique to you, please consult with your aesthetic plastic surgeon.

Your options will depend on the treatment depth you require and your therapists will recommend an approach based upon your aesthetic goals. The amount of time you can allow for recovery may be an important factor to consider when selecting a particular chemical peel or determining the extent of treatment.

  • Glycolic (AHA) peel
  • Trichloracetic (TCA) acid peel
  • Phenol peels
  • Croton oil peels
  • To find out if chemical peels that suited to your skin, see our dermal therapists for a customized treatment plan for you.

Depending on the type of peel and number of treatments you already have, the peel will be applied to the skin for up to 15 minutes. You should feel a mild tingling sensation during the chemical peel. No pain-relief is required before or after treatment. Depending on the type of peel and the depth of treatment, there is usually little redness of the skin afterwards.

Depending on the type of peel and number of treatments you already have, the peel will be applied to the skin for up to 15 minutes. You should feel a mild tingling sensation during the chemical peel. No pain-relief is required before or after treatment. Depending on the type of peel and the depth of treatment, there is usually little redness of the skin afterwards.

Because of the persistence of skin pinkness following deeper chemical peel procedures, it may take months before you can fully appreciate your new look. Most patients feel that the results are definitely worth waiting for and, in the case of deeper treatments, the benefits are relatively long-lasting. Superficial resurfacing procedures may need to be repeated periodically in order to maintain their benefits.

Your skin will continue to age, and wrinkles caused by movement of your facial muscles will eventually reappear. Some wrinkles may recur sooner than others, depending on their location as well as the type and extent of your chemical peel treatment. Despite this, you can expect that improvements in skin quality and texture achieved by a chemical peel will make your complexion appear younger and fresher for many years to come.

Peels can be applied weekly depending on the recommended treatment program set up for you to suit your skin condition and goals to achieve.

We will provide you with pre-treatment instructions depending on the depth of your treatment. This would include:

  • Applying special creams, lotion or gels to your skin for a few weeks or longer.
  • May also be given oral medications prior to treatment.
  • Stop smoking few weeks before to promote better healing.
  • Avoid taking certain anti-inflammatory drugs or medications that might increase bleeding.
  • Keeping hydrated before and after treatment.

Depending on the type of peel and the depth of the treatment, chemical peels starts from around $100 per treatment (milk peel) to around $300 (cosmo peel). Ask our trained therapists for a chemical peel that would suit your needs and condition. For a full price list, click here.

Chemical peels produce controlled injury to the skin, which promote growth of new skin and improved appearance. A variety of chemicals can be used as peeling agents and include glycolic, trichloroacetic (TCA), salicylic and resorcinol. The different chemical solutions produce different degrees of injury to the skin.

Chemical peels are used for the treatment of photo-aging (from sun damage), wrinkles, scarring, precancerous lesions, and discoloration (including melasma, freckles, and age spots).

There are numerous chemical peels and each one is performed differently. In general, chemical peels usually begin with vigorous cleansing of the skin, followed by application of the appropriate peel.

Glycolic Acid – probably due to the fact that all skin types benefit from Glycolic Acid – is the most commonly recognized chemical peel solution. Salicylic Acid is also very common for use in combatting the causes of oily skin and breakouts.

Most peels can be performed within a few minutes, depending on size of the area being treated.

The state of your skin after a peel depends on the type of chemical used and your skin type. Superficial peels have limited effects. Medium peels may cause some redness and the deeper peels may require 10-14 days to recover.

Generally chemical peels are done once every 2-3 weeks, until the desired results are achieved. Maintenance peels can then be performed once a month.

With good sun protection, results can last months, even years. This is dependent upon the depth of the peel. The deeper peels generally provide a long-lasting effect.

Superficial peels are quite safe, although minor irritation of the skin can occur. The risk of deep peels can include infection, scarring, redness, and discoloration. During a very deep peel (administered under the care of a physician only), anesthesia should be used and vital signs monitored.

Light Peels: The light peel takes approximately three to five days to complete the shedding process. No downtime required.

Medium Peels: Medium peels usually persist for five to seven days. The skin may or may not flake and fall away. AHAs can produce some redness with little or no flaking, depending on the individual.

Deep Peels: May take several weeks to fully recover. This type of peel is usually effective in treating hyperpigmentation, acne scarring, fine lines and wrinkles.

You can use a mild cleanser (Green Tea Cleanser) and always include either Hyaluronic Replenishing Serum / Green Tea Anti-Oxidant Serum as often as needed. You may resume regular skincare 3-5 days after a peel or once redness or peeling is no longer apparent.